The policy direction of Bill C-92 is positive, as it emphasizes the place and role of preventative Indigenous community-based care for children and families. Consideration should be given to revising Bill C-92 so that the principle of substantive equality — clause 9(3) — is amended to include measurable outcomes of well-being. I understand that, but if we loosen the grips and ensure the families themselves get the resources at the ground level, I know there will be a difference. As we look to the future and talk about nation-to-nation relationships with First Nations people, I think there could be a First Nations chief statistician. If you are going to pay the foster parents $1,200 a day, or whatever you pay, them to look after kids, you are going to have to put that resource into the family. This is problematic because the definition could even encompass national Indigenous organizations or future incorporated bodies rather than local governments. We need to take account of the community’s unique circumstances, including things like remoteness or whether the child resides in an urban centre. if you don't already have one. One of the flights was cancelled, so we are not sure if the other person is coming. Another thing that’s definitely missing in this area, once we get the baseline, we need to make sure that demographics and inflation are compensated for. Primary Representatives may edit existing organizational listings by logging into their myAPPA account. They lost those children for about five weeks. These are simple comparisons we can make with other organizations. Senator Tannas: Thank you for being here, Dr. Blackstock. Ms. Joe: When I was listening to the last question posed to Dr. Blackstock about support for this bill, we know that it’s not a perfect bill, but we cannot continue to do this injustice to our children. That would lead to better kinship care placements. You may also see book outline. First of all, when I said there was a relationship with substantive equality, I took it from the bill, and it’s comparing First Nations with other children. The APA covers the initial title page to bibliography citation page. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. Some of those communities were absolutely ready. Ms. Blackstock: It’s an important question. 24 (Senate Chamber, Senate of Canada Building) Not Started. Rather, make sure that we will provide adequate funding that deals with issues of protection, prevention and prenatal care in a better way and that we’re providing resources to help these children thrive in a better way. I talked to a grandmother who had three of her grandchildren, and she was getting $200 a month per child. 5 out of 5 stars (234) 234 reviews $ 1.99 FREE shipping Favorite Add to More colors Appa Standing, Air Bison, Avatar the Last Airbender LED RGB Light Lamp xenturii. They can’t show anger or sadness because they will get moved if they are not cooperative or not being the nice kids that people want to take care of. This legislation is more a starting point. I don’t think the women actually understood what was happening and what the purpose of this engagement was. However, if you have too many divisions, you need to use another heading or sub-heading. It’s not clear, at least to a reader like myself, which court one would go to in order to get that protection order. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I think it needs to be needs-based. What do you think about that idea of active efforts? Spirit Bear represents all of the children — the First Nations children, the Metis children, Inuit children and also the non-Indigenous children who are growing up right now, wanting to see a country where no child is left behind, where every child is honoured for being distinct, for being who they are, and for a generation of children who never have to fight to be treated equally by the Canadian government. See the consistent use of a verb? There are a lot of different approaches, as we’ve already said this morning. There are a couple of ways this can work. It’s some of the health needs. I think that’s why you find in the legislation the primary considerations at subclause 10(2), which you alluded to and which makes reference to physical, emotional and psychological safety. They have been very successful in many instances. Learn about the important role these young people play in the Senate. When you bring up the courts, I know that Alberta is contemplating placing all family law matters in the Court of Queen’s Bench, which is good in some ways. It says: Whereas Parliament recognizes the disruption that Indigenous women and girls have experienced in their lives in relation to child and family services systems and the importance of supporting Indigenous women and girls in overcoming their historical disadvantage . I think it’s clear we need to have a certain time frame and come back to it to make sure the bill improves. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if we ever found a government that saw the importance of it and was prepared to do the hard work to actually get something that made sense? The briefing sheet you have there outlines some of the issues, and then the black-line version contains our proposed solutions of wording. In fact, we struggled to even find a workable definition of what this work would mean. The other important thing was the conversation around youth. Native American legal scholar Robert Williams says that at its core, colonialism embodies the “savage” and the “civilized” dichotomy, where colonial countries like Canada have deemed themselves the civilized and deemed First Nations peoples, Metis and Inuit peoples as savage. For example, if you look to clause 12 of this legislation as it is, we highlighted the need for protection of children’s privacy. It’s important for the committee to know that they found shortfalls in agencies even there. My sense is there’s a lot of capacity. Based on the ambiguous definition I discussed earlier, this could mean delivering information about a child and their family to a corporation, an NIO or a band council, where there is a possibility of lateral violence or discrimination against the child or family. Many communities have long suffered from chronic underfunding. However, at this stage, we didn’t feel it was a necessarily part of this legislation. Visit and evaluate companies offices. Both those pieces are necessary. And from the Institute of Fiscal Studies and Democracy, we have Kevin Page, President and CEO. I know there’s tension with the AMC, but I think it can be resolved because this is not their legislation versus ours. Take advantage of this to learn more. It is not imposing any positive obligation to deal with water issues, or all the other inequalities in education, early childhood and maternal health. There have to be agreements with provincial courts to do this. We were in a one-room cabin. They have different needs and different ambitions. Ms. Blackstock: Yes, and view that as an essential platform for the success of this legislation. When Appa was still a young calf who lived around the Eastern Air Temple, young airbenders were allowed to meet their future companions, who would bond with them for life. Visit and evaluate companies websites. I had to put up with the binge-drinking and sexual violence, all of that, and I’m sitting before you with a doctorate. I would recommend that Canada work with First Nations agencies — and we have been doing this work for 40 years — to run through different fact scenarios of actual cases to see how this would work on the ground. Some of the things they said were that they don’t have any idea, in many instances, why they were taken. You and your colleagues who have analyzed the bill around federal and provincial laws and state that while on first reading it may appear that First Nations laws are given supremacy so long as they conform to the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Constitution Act, section 23 enables First Nations laws to be infringed upon if there’s a determination that a provision is not in the best interests of the child. One of the things I was really interested in is the active efforts in the child welfare legislation in the United States. Ms. Joe, I noted the fourth “whereas” in the preamble. I think the court issue is also alive there because there are emergency protection orders, as I understand, in that particular legislation. The Chair: Thank you. The reality is that not every First Nation will be able to reclaim their jurisdiction the day after this bill passes. Use Arab numerals (1,2,3 and so on). I have seen a lot of governments throughout my years, and I know the reality that this may be a priority for now but may not be a priority for tomorrow. We want to determine how that money is expended.”. Your headings are: “Choose Companies” and “Prepare Resume”. If you use a noun, then all your headings and sub-headings must use nouns. Ms. Blackstock: No, that’s an additional document that, to my knowledge, we haven’t provided, but we will provide it. In this context, the former Minister of Indigenous Services held an emergency meeting in January 2018 with Indigenous partners and her counterparts in the provinces and territories in order to discuss the situation. Ms. Wesley-Esquimaux: I don’t have a mandate at this moment, so I’m coming in as a former Minister’s Special Representative to have a conversation about my conversations across Canada. The rule applies to sub-headings as well, but their information may be less significant than the headings. I understand that there is a bill being tabled by the New Democratic Party in the House of Commons on a children’s commissioner. And where it’s not possible, where there isn’t a First Nations agency proximal to a major urban centre, work with the host First Nation and other Indigenous communities who populate that area to create an agency or mechanism to service the community members living in that area. I only have them in English, but I will be happy to send them along later. This is for the APPA update. What does it mean they are going to get predictable funding? … The needs of the children and families need to be considered. As you were talking, I wondered if this is a role in which the PBO could play an important part — officer of Parliament, theoretically separate from the government. This commitment of continuing funding for the system is still there. We know the gaps exist. We should be saying, “How do we actually address the needs that these communities have?”. It’s actually their legislation in the end. When you have substantive equality, it’s a relationship between groups. They don’t necessarily have the resources to do the succession planning that would make sense. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Your heading and subheading will look like this: I. Foundation of MugsA. Check out our standing animal selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. I know when we speak to people in the agencies, they know what it entails. Mr. That’s a very difficult piece as well. Mr. I know you had a few passing remarks about reciprocal agreements, but can you take a few moments to elaborate on how distinctions-based care can be implemented in urban areas? Good morning, Madam Chair, senators and colleagues. I grew up in Thunder Bay. In our own experience in generating data for the work we did for the AFN and the national advisory committee, we found that it’s not hard to get data if you’re working through people like Dr. Blackstock. Page: Absolutely, senator. Given that vulnerable children’s well-being is at stake, we can’t waste time with that kind of lack of jurisdictional clarity, so I would really recommend that something be put in there. Since 1974, NWAC has represented the collective voices of Indigenous women, girls and gender-diverse people of First Nations, on and off reserve, both status and non-status, disenfranchised Metis and Inuit. In here there’s a requirement for reassessment. We encourage you to go with coordination agreements with other levels of jurisdiction, but if the other levels of jurisdiction are not necessarily operating in good faith, you can actually self-declare your legislation. They made her empty out her house so she could create two separate bedrooms and later learned that children can stay in the same room until they are 12 years old, and these were two little girls. We’ll see. Plan ahead and know when you will be on the Live Webinars and when you will take your exam! I want to go back to the issue of which courts would address issues and what your thoughts are in terms of how this bill would intersect with Bill C-78, which is the changes to the Divorce Act that are currently before us as well. They will prepare their reports. We are creating in Canada an environment in these communities that perpetuates the problems that these communities are suffering from. The second is to take a look at our black-line version. It could be somebody like the Parliamentary Budget Officer or another independent group that’s assessing whether or not indicators such as program changes, a shift in jurisdictions and adequate resource application are moving in the right direction. If we were to say that substantive equality should drive the funding, and that could be determined every four years with a study by the PBO, this would give us a handle to grab onto that would, at a minimum, have a government explaining why they’re not doing that and having a PBO with the ability to wave a flag to say that it’s not being done. We will begin with opening remarks from the deputy minister, Mr. Tremblay. Senator McPhedran: Marilou McPhedran, Manitoba. In addition, the tribunal signalled that we need to reform the system and that’s what this legislation is opening up. In 153 years, there has never been an independent evaluation of those departments to be able to identify what stops them from doing better for First Nations children when they know better. But there were times when what we did was legislation that we called opting in and opting out, where First Nations can actually decide whether they will take it or not. I live in Georgina Island First Nation, and we have our own child welfare agency. In a lot of those tables, more and more, actually, given the fact we give a lot of attention to this file, many First Nations and Indigenous groups come to the table and want to talk about CFS. First Nations have spent over a decade litigating this issue against Canada to get equitable child and family services. When we turn our minds, then, to the fact that we’re not going to be able to help you out on funding, should we pass this bill? It was not just separate First Nation, Inuit and Metis. While safety of children should be safeguarded, the First Nations draft offers improved wording in that regard. We’ve heard various views from lawyers about this regarding Bill C-92. But Canada is not imposing on itself any positive obligation to deal with the housing crisis in First Nations communities. I’m asking for your direction on amendments in the spaces where they talk about jurisdiction, to have that funding piece that comes right after or in the same clause. I don’t understand.”. There were children in these communities as young as three years old going to group homes, which is totally inappropriate. They will help you if you let them. There is no education act or child welfare act in most cases. It first introduces a definition of XR as used throughout the document, then briefly outlines some uses of XR. There is historical amnesia to the point that Canada has known about the inequalities for First Nations’ children for at least 112 years. She has begun to do some important thinking about how these two bills intersect. The Auditor General actually is currently completing a review on Child and Family Services, but their mandate is different than what I think we envision in the Spirit Bear Plan. Some may decide they will take only prevention. Can you describe how the bill is distinctions-based both in its development and its implementation? [Indigenous language spoken]. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: And it’s not even just housing and clean drinking water. The question is how best to do it, to be honest. If this is an instruction to provinces until the nations take jurisdiction, can we add to the primary factor the culture, family and community connection so that they are part of the primary piece for provincial workers? They know what they’re doing. Page, you talked about the need to have measurable outcomes in order to gauge the success of Bill C-92. I’m not sure how Bill C-92 allows for that to happen. I want to zero in on proposed sections 22 and 23 of the bill. The legislation is saying that you can go and take your jurisdiction. We should be breaking out what is missing here in this principle. See this simple full-sentence outline sample to learn more. How are they supposed to feed this child and buy the formula? Senator McCallum: I want to speak about the social determinants of health. With this outline, one could present an in-depth categorization of the relationship and hierarchy of ideas. APPA > Login. Rights are important; outcomes are equally important. At a First Nation near where I live, the roads are so bad for six months of the year that unless you have a four-by-four with a big lift kit, you can’t get in and out of the reserve. In Bill C-92, the department invites First Nations to discuss funding in the collaboration agreements where you are supposed to reach an agreement on funding within a one-year period, and if you do not reach a funding agreement or a collaboration agreement where funding is discussed, then your law takes effect anyway. Indigenous, provincial and territorial partners will be critical in helping shape approaches that best address their diverse needs and expectations. Mr. Could you give me an idea of what measurable outcomes you think would be valid and credible in dealing with that issue? Then, below, when considering those primary factors, we have factors listed that must be taken into consideration, including culture and family relationships. That needs to be defined in the subsections of this principle that is missing here. Favorite Add to More colors … Unfortunately, I don’t think it’s going to be up to the Indigenous governments to set the amounts that the Canadian government is going to give them. In the context of your point about remoteness, where some communities don’t have road access and there’s a higher cost to provide these sorts of services in those jurisdictions, then formulas would definitely be very useful in adjusting it. On the issue of jurisdiction, we adopt the views of the Yellowhead Institute in this regard. If you put self-determination on top of inequality, it is not going to realize the dreams of healthy families that this bill tries to promote. This is not an area where government should be underspending when you are dealing with children and families in crisis. Most of the food we ate came from the garden or from animals. In many instances, the political levels are also in the way with our own people. There is, however, an obvious problem. The recommendations we received on the context of the draft were carefully considered and integrated when possible. If you want to add another subheading “Decoration” under heading B, you may write it like this: Your outline would now look something like this: I. Foundation of MugsA.History of MugsB. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society1. Again, there are parts of this bill that deal with preventive care. Because I want to give time to my colleagues and also respond to some of your questions, I want to move quickly to some of the practice considerations in this piece. Mr. Tremblay, Bill C-92 contains no guaranteed funding to enable First Nations jurisdiction. I’ll read it to you: And whereas the Government of Canada acknowledges the ongoing call for funding for child and family services . Most college students or teachers who are majoring in social sciences, such as Psychology, Sociology, History, Linguistics, use the American Psychological Association or APA guidelines for writing research papers and assignments in this field of study. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. Senator LaBoucane-Benson: Thank you very much for your presentation. Senator Christmas: Thank you for being here today to share your experience and insight. Standing Committee on Audit and Oversight. Bill C-92 is meant to enable a system shift from apprehension to prevention, with a priority given to services that promote preventive care and support families. It’s not that we want every kid to suffer. I don’t know if that particular paragraph would have been based on anything we said, but that’s unclear to me. We feel that is essential to informing this longer-term approach, not just with child and family service agencies, but this broader question not about a formula, but what some of the approaches of funding are. It is actually legislation focusing on what came out as a consensus, which was to address the issue that needed to be addressed for years, the issue of jurisdiction, and also making sure that the rights of the children were taken into account. However, I don’t want that to dissuade us. The people who might be able to pass legislation on their behalf are the people who could potentially have been discriminating against them in their communities. But I was also loved. 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